Decoding the 1/5 Stock Split: Understanding its Impact on Shareholders

October 18, 2023

Understanding the Basics of a 1/5 Stock Split

A stock split is a corporate action that divides a company’s existing shares into multiple shares. One type of stock split is a 1/5 stock split, where each existing share is split into five new shares. This article will provide a comprehensive understanding of what a 1/5 stock split entails and how it affects investors.

What is a 1/5 Stock Split?

A 1/5 stock split, also known as a five-for-one stock split, is a process in which each existing share of a company’s stock is divided into five new shares. For example, if an investor held 100 shares before the split, he or she would end up with 500 shares after the split. The total market capitalization of the company remains the same, but the number of shares outstanding increases.

The primary purpose of a five-for-one stock split is to make the stock more accessible to a wider range of investors. By lowering the price per share, a company aims to increase liquidity and attract a larger pool of potential buyers. Lowering the share price can also increase the marketability and trading volume of the stock by making it more affordable to individual investors.

Reasons for a 1/5 Stock Split

Companies choose to do a 1/5 stock split for a variety of reasons, including the following:

  1. Increasing liquidity: A higher number of outstanding shares resulting from a 1/5 stock split generally results in increased liquidity. This increased liquidity can make it easier for investors to buy and sell shares of the company because there are more shares available for trading.

  2. Improve marketability: A lower share price resulting from a five-for-one stock split can make a stock more attractive to individual investors. It may attract retail investors who may have been deterred by a higher share price, potentially increasing demand and trading volume.

  3. Broaden the ownership base: By reducing the share price through a 5-for-1 stock split, a company can make its shares more affordable to a broader range of investors. This can help attract new shareholders and increase the diversity of the ownership base.

  4. Signal of confidence: A 5-for-1 stock split can be seen as a positive signal to investors, indicating that management and the board of directors are confident in the company’s future prospects. This can potentially increase investor confidence and attract new buyers.

Impact on shareholders

A five-for-one stock split has both numerical and psychological effects on shareholders. Numerically, the split increases the number of shares held by each investor while proportionately decreasing the share price. For example, if an investor owned 100 shares at $100 each before the split, he or she would own 500 shares at $20 each after the split.

Psychologically, a 5-for-1 stock split can create a perception of increased affordability and attractiveness of the stock. Some investors may view the split as an indication of positive company performance and future growth potential, resulting in increased demand for the stock. However, it’s important to note that a stock split does not inherently change the fundamental value of the company or guarantee future price appreciation.


In summary, a 1/5 stock split is a corporate action that divides each existing share into five new shares. The primary objective of a 1/5 stock split is to make the stock more accessible and attractive to a wider range of investors. By increasing the number of shares outstanding and lowering the share price, a company aims to increase liquidity, improve marketability and broaden its ownership base. While a stock split can have a numerical and psychological impact on shareholders, it’s critical to conduct thorough research and analysis to assess the underlying fundamentals and potential investment opportunities beyond the split.


What is a 1/5 stock split?

A 1/5 stock split, also known as a reverse stock split, is a corporate action where a company reduces the number of its outstanding shares. In a 1/5 stock split, each existing share of stock is converted into 1/5 of a new share, resulting in a smaller overall number of shares in the market.

Why would a company do a 1/5 stock split?

A company may choose to do a 1/5 stock split for various reasons. One common reason is to increase the stock price per share. If a company’s stock price has fallen significantly and is trading at a very low price, a reverse stock split can help boost the share price by reducing the number of shares available. This can make the stock appear more attractive to investors.

How does a 1/5 stock split affect shareholders?

When a company implements a 1/5 stock split, existing shareholders will receive a smaller number of shares in proportion to their holdings. For example, if you owned 100 shares before the split, you would receive 20 shares after the split. While the number of shares changes, the overall value of the investment remains the same. However, the market price per share may change after the split, depending on investor sentiment.

Are there any advantages to a 1/5 stock split?

A 1/5 stock split can potentially have some advantages for a company. By increasing the stock price per share, it may attract new investors who prefer stocks with higher prices. Additionally, a higher share price can enhance the company’s image and make it appear more reputable to the market. It is important to note that the success of a stock split depends on several factors, including the company’s financial performance and market conditions.

Are there any disadvantages to a 1/5 stock split?

While a 1/5 stock split can have potential benefits, there are also some disadvantages to consider. One drawback is that a stock split can create the perception of financial difficulties or a decline in the company’s performance. Additionally, a reverse stock split may not have a lasting impact on the stock price if the underlying issues affecting the company’s value are not addressed. It is crucial for investors to conduct thorough research and analysis before making investment decisions based on a stock split.